Robert C. Daniels

Author / Adjunct History Professor

Author of: 

- 1220 Days: the story of U.S. Marine Edmond Babler and his experiences in Japanese Prisoner of War Camps during World War II

- World War II in Mid-America:  Experiences from rural Mid-American during the Second World War 

- Several published military history articles at


Order Autographed copies of books directly from the author

(Bookstore owners, please email for special pricing.)




About 1220 Days

About World War II in Mid-America

Order autographed copies

About Touring the Black Hawk War

Exploring Norfolk Cemeteries Project


Articles within this website:

Read Interviews

Ed Gein:  the Cannibal Myth Exposed

Ardin Biggerstaff's Black Hawk War Diary


The following are licensed as for free use under Creative Commons (CC BY 4.0)

The Birth and Rise of Christianity (CC BY 4.0)

Ancient World Civilization Timelines (CC BY 4.0)

Ancient Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Ohio Mounds (CC BY 4.0)

Aztalan State Park Mounds (CC BY 4.0)

My Egyptian Pyramid Pictures (CC BY 4.0)

My Stonehenge Pictures (CC BY 4.0)

Italy:  Rome, Pisa,  Vesuvius, Pompeii Pictures (CC BY 4.0)

Israel Pictures (CC BY 4.0) 

American Civil War Battle-Sites and Other Pictures (CC BY 4.0)

Additional American Civil War Battle-Sties and Other Pictures (BY 4.0)

Local (Tidewater, VA) Historical Selfie Tour (CC BY 40)


Read Some of My Published Articles:

The 1712 to 1736 Fox Wars

World War II Veteran Interview

Hell Ship - From the Philippines to Japan

Interview of a WWII Veteran

The Failures at Spion Kop

The Quality of the Combatants in the Black Hawk War

The Muslim Horde's Easy Invasion of Iberia

MacArthur's Failures in the Philippines

Failures of Democracy Led to the Rise of Communism during the Spanish Civil War

Hitler, Germany's Worst General



Ancient Adena, Hopewell, Fort Ancient Indian Mounds of Ohio


The following pictures were taken by Robert Daniels in September 2021


(Ancient Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Indian Mounds of Ohio Article by Robert Daniels is licensed under CC BY 4.0.)



(Also see my Aztalan State Park Mounds page)



Mound City Group


Situated along the Scioto River just north of Chillicothe, Ohio, the mounds of the Mound City Group are dated to circa 20 C.E.

The mounds are believed to have been constructed by members of the Hopewell Culture, which stretched from around 100 B.C.E. to around 400 C.E.

Most of the 24 mounds that make up the site were mortuary mounds, used to bury the dead of the differing peoples that made up the Hopewell Culture.


Looking east from in front of the site visitor center/museum.

Among other mounds at the site, the large Elliptical Mound can be seen in the back,

just right of the center of the picture.



 A closer view of the Elliptical Mound (facing west), with an interpretive marker in the foreground.

The site visitor center/museum can be seen to the far right



A southwest view of the Elliptical Mound (to the right) and another conical mound (to the left).

A portion of the site visitor center/museum can be seen in the far left of the picture.


The above is a picture of the border mound that surrounds the mound site.


The following pictures are of markers around the site as well as some of the exhibits in the site's museum.








Many of these artifacts and effigies are made of copper.






Seip Earthworks Unit


Named after the family who would latter own a farm that the site was located on, the Seip Earthworks Unit is situated along the Paint Creek about 15 miles southwest

of Chillicothe, Ohio.  A Hopewell Culture mound system, the unit comprises an area in excess of 200 acres.




 Front and back views of the main mound at Seip Earthworks Unit.  Like the mounds at the Mound City Group, this mound is a mortuary mound.






A ceremonial ring.





Serpent Mound


Situated about 30 miles southwest of the Seip Earthworks Unit, the Serpent Mound the main mound at this site is not a mortuary mound but an effigy mound.  It is believed to have been constructed around 1000 C.E. by members of the Fort Ancient Culture.  Also located at this site are several mortuary mounds constructed much earlier (600 B.C.E. to around 100 C.E.) by members of the Adena Culture.  The site contains a small museum.








 Serpent Mount from head looking towards the tail.  The below monument is located in the upper center of the picture next to the visitor.




 Serpent Mount head.



 Serpent Mount from tail looking towards the head - this view is from the viewing tower.



 Two Adena Culture burial mounds (above and below) at the site of the Serpent Mound.





As were all Native-Americans, those living at the time were stone-age peoples, using only tools and weapons made of stone and wood.  The above picture is of reproductions of some of these in the small museum at the Serpent Mound Site.


(Also see my Aztalan State Park Mounds page)


Last updated on 13 Jul 2022 .   

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